The Republic of Somaliland
ID advises the democratically-elected government of Somaliland on diplomatic strategy. Somaliland is seeking to better integrate itself into the region and to attract more development assistance, trade and investment so as to lift its people out of poverty. It also seeks recognition as an independent state.
Somaliland is a former British protectorate. It gained independence in 1960 and was recognised as an independent state. However, acting on the desire at the time of Somalis to live in one state, Somaliland voluntarily joined with Italy's former Somali colony to form the Republic of Somalia. The union turned out to be disastrous for Somaliland, as the people found themselves marginalised in the new state. In 1969 Siyad Barre overthrew the government of Somalia in a coup and began a policy of calculated repression of the people of Somaliland. When the Somali National Movement stepped up its armed resistance to Barre's oppressive regime in Somaliland in the late 1980s, the armed forces of Somalia bombed Somaliland, completely destroying the capital Hargeisa, killing an estimated 50,000 people and displacing another 500,000.
In 1991, after the fall of the Barre regime and the total collapse of the Somali Republic, Somaliland resolved to re-constitute itself as an independent State. Since then it has established and sustained peace and stability and held parliamentary and presidential elections. Somaliland therefore stands in stark contrast to south-central Somalia, which remains a failed state without an effective government, plagued by a series of disastrous humanitarian crises. Somalilanders are united in their desire to live in an independent state and are strongly opposed to any union with Somalia.
Somaliland meets the established criteria for recognition as a state. It has a permanent population, a defined territory, a functioning government and capacity to enter into relations with other states in the international community. Its achievements have won widespread praise and its case for recognition has been favourably assessed by the African Union Commission, the conflict prevention NGO International Crisis Group as well as the security and development policy think tank The Senlis Council.
The present Government came to power following elections on 26 June 2010. The Government is formed from the Kulmiye Party which was previously in opposition.
Officials of the Republic of Somaliland
- HE President Ahmed Mohamed Mohamud Silanyo, President of the Republic of Somaliland
- HE Mr Mohamed Bihi Yonis, Foreign Minister of Somaliland
- Official Facebook Page of the Republic of Somaliland
- Somaliland Mission to the United Kingdom
- Somaliland Mission to the United States
- Somaliland Ministry of Planning: Somaliland National Development Plan 2012-2016 & Somaliland National Vision 2030
- "African Game Changer?: The Consequences of Somaliland's International (Non) Recognition," The Brenthurst Foundation, June 2011.
- "The Somaliland Exception: Lessons on Postconflict State Building from the Part of the Former Somalia That Works," J. Peter Pham, May 2012.
- Somaliland seeks more trade ties with UAE, The National, 10 September 2013.
- Letter from Somaliland, The Spectator, 31 August 2013.
- Somaliland’s book fair: A haven of jollity and calm, The Economist, 21 August 2013.
- Somaliland: Foreign Affairs minister Unveils New Policies, Somaliland Press, 20 August 2013.
- Somaliland’s FM visits Kenya to discuss the New Deal with donor countries, Somaliland Press, 14 August 2013.
- Somaliland: Parleying the Emiratis, Somaliland Sun, 12 August 2013.
- Somalia deal raises concerns about oil risks, Financial Times, 12 August 2013.
- Somaliland to participate Africa Down Under Conference on Minerals and Oil in Australia, Somaliland Informer, 11 August 2013.
- Somaliland: New Foreign Minister Calls for Solidarity, Somaliland Sun, 28 July 2013.
- Somalia: Oil Thrown on the Fire, Financial Times, 13 May 2013.
- Somaliland: Enhancing Ties with Ethiopia, Somaliland Sun, 9 May 2013.
- President Silanyo's Letter to the Financial Times – Somaliland’s Role in Peace and Security, Financial Times, 9 May 2013.
- Negotiating Peace in Somalia – an Insight from Somaliland, Africa Research Institute, 8 May 2013.
- President Silanyo: We Reiterate the Importance of Addressing the Political Independence of Somaliland, Government of Somaliland Website, 8 May 2013.
- London's Somalia Conference Does Not Recognise Somaliland – We Cannot Go, The Guardian, 7 May 2013.
- Somaliland Will Not Attend Somalia Conference, The Government of Somaliland, 6 May 2013.
- “The Ankara Communique is a Commitment for Continued Dialogue” – Ambassador Shinn, Somaliland Sun, 5 May 2013.
- The Safe Haven Next Door, Foreign Policy Op-Ed, 27 April 2013.
- Somaliland backs international intervention in troubled Somalia, BBC News, 23 April 2013.
- President Silanyo Meets with UK Foreign Secretary William Hague in London, Somaliland.org, 11 February 2013.
- Somaliland: East Africa’s Red Sea Corridor - Could it become a Major Energy Hub? Somaliland Sun, 13 January 2013.
- Minister of Foreign Affairs Arrives In Dubai On Diplomatic Visit, UNPO, 16 January 2013.
- Somaliland: Ministers on UAE Relations Enhancement Visit, Somaliland Sun, 15 January 2013.
- Somaliland Administration to Simplify Business Regulations, Sabahi Online, 31 December 2012.
- Somaliland Municipal Vote Called Peaceful, VOA News, 29 November 2012.
- Somaliland: Kenyan Ministry Of Foreign Affairs Visits Hargeisa UNPO, 19 November 2012.
- Somaliland Gets Fibre-Through-the-Air Connectivity, Telecoms, 13 November 2012.
- Somaliland: EU Injects €50 Million, Somaliland Sun, 3 November 2012.
- Oil First Recognition Later, Financial Times, 30 October 2012.
- Somaliland: Kenyan Embassy To Be Opened In Hargeisa, UNPO, 26 October 2012.
- Local Council Campaigns Begin in Somaliland, Sabahi Online, 31 October 2012.
- Somaliland Attends Africa Oil Week Conference, Somaliland Sun, 27 October 2012.
- Somaliland: Country is Secure and Less Corrupt - Interior Minister, Somaliland Sun, 21 October 2012.
- Foreign Secretary Welcomes Historic Talks Between Somaliland and Transitional Federal Government of Somalia, Foreign & Commonwealth Office Press Release, 22 June 2012.
- Somaliland / Somalia Talks: Chevening House Declaration, Somaliland Sun, 22 June 2012.
- UK Parliamentary Debate on Somalia and Somaliland, TheyWorkForYou, 14 June 2012.
- Djibouti Accepts a Somaliland Passport as an Official Travel Document, Somaliland Press, 5 June 2012.
- Kenya Invites President Silanyo, Somaliland Sun, 2 June 2012.
- Turkey to Open Liaison Office in Hargeisa, Somaliland Press, 2 June 2012.
- Istanbul II Conference on Somalia – Declaration, Somaliland Press, 1 June 2012.
- Danes to Open Consulate in Hargeisa, Somaliland Sun, 20 May 2012.
- Somaliland: 1st Official Participation in IGAD Deliberations, Somaliland Sun, 9 May 2012.
- Trust Fund to Support the Initiatives of States to Counter Piracy off the Coast of Somalia, UNODC Press Release, 1 April 2012.
- Somaliland: Nine Convicted Somali Pirates Transferred From Seychelles Arrive, Somaliland Press, 28 March 2012.
- International Engagement in Somalia: Lessons from Somaliland, UCL Development Planning Unit, 29 February 2012.
- Breakaway Somaliland Entity Targets Investors, Reuters, 24 February 2012.
- Getting Somalia Right This Time, New York Times, 22 February 2012.
- Somaliland to Pass Central Bank Law Within 3 Weeks, Reuters, 2 February 2012.
- BBC: Live from Somaliland, Somaliland Press, 28 January 2012.
- UK Foreign Office Minister Henry Bellingham meeting Somaliland President Ahmed Silanyo in London, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 15 November 2011.
- "Hope is Four-Legged and Woolly," The Economist, 15 October 2011.
- "The Other Horn of Africa," Al Jazeera, 30 October 2011.
- "Somaliland: Best and Brightest Female Students Honoured," InterPeace, 13 October 2011.
- "Somaliland Government Condemns Al Shabaab's Mogadishu Bombing," Somaliland Press, 11 October 2011.
- "Somaliland Sends First Humanitarian Mission to Somalia," Guardian, 5 October 2011.
- "Somaliland Foreign Minister Discusses Country's Successes at IRI," International Republican Institute, 15 September 2011.
- "Somaliland: Foreign Minister says Chinese Investment in Somaliland will Facilitate the Development of the Country," Somaliland Press, 21 August 2011.
- "Somaliland: UN Special Representative To Somalia Augutine Mahiga Meets with Vice President," Somaliland Press, 7 August 2011.
- "Somaliland: Silanyo Meets With British Delegation," JSL Times, 24 July 2011.
- "Somaliland: The Former British Colony That Shows Africa Doesn't Need Our Millions to Flourish," Daily Mail, 23 July 2011.
- "EU Commissioner Andris Piebalgs Announces More Support for Stability and Regional Cooperation," The Financial, 7 July 2011.
- "'Recognize Somaliland as an Independent State' Urges Foreign Minister," African Arguments, 4 July 2011.
- "Somaliland Government Calls for African Recognition, Help Fighting Piracy," Bloomberg News, 20 June 2011.
- "Coca-Cola Invests $10 Million in Somaliland Bottling Plant," Bloomberg Business Week, 31 May 2011.
- "An Interview with Dr. Mohamed Omer, the Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Somaliland," Wardheer News, 18 May 2011.
- "20 Years After Secession, Somaliland Still Seeks Recognition," VOA News, 18 May 2011.
- "Somaliland aims to show coming of age," Financial Times, 17 May 2011.
- "Somaliland Launches Public Financial Management Reforms,"Somaliland Press, 10 March 2011.
- "IGAD Leads the Largest Donor Delegation to Somaliland," Somaliland Press, 25 February 2011.
- "Somaliland Hopes For International Recognition," BBC, 25 January 2011.
- "President of Somaliland Visits UK," DFID, 3 December 2010.
- "President Silanyo's Speech: Somaliland's Prospects," Chatham House, 26 November 2010.
- "Strengthening the UK's Relationship With Somaliland," FCO, 25 November 2010.
- "Somaliland Opposition Candidate Silanyo Wins Election," BBC, 2 July 2010.